Peer Reviewed Articles

1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008  2009  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Book Chapters and Editorials



  • Vazquez A, Murphy M & Kim S-G “Neuronal and Physiological Correlation to Hemodynamic Resting-State Fluctuations in Health and Disease”, Brain Connectivity, 4(9): 727-740, 2014.
  • Han PK, Park S-H, Kim S-G & Ye JC “Compressed Sensing for fMRI: Feasibility Study on the Acceleration of Non-EPI fMRI at 9.4T”, BioMed Research International, Article ID 131926, 2014.
  • Jin T & Kim S-G “Advantages of chemical exchange-sensitive spin-lock (CESL) over chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) for hydroxyl– and amine–water proton exchange studies”, NMR in Biomedicine, 27: 1313–1324, 2014 doi: 10.1002/nbm.3191.
  • Ho LC, Sigal IA, Jan NJ, Squires A, Tse Z, Wu EX, Kim SG, Schuman JS, & Chan KC “Magic Angle-Enhanced MRI of Fibrous Microstructures in Sclera and Cornea with and without Intraocular Pressure Loading”, Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 55(9):5662-72, 2014.
  • Ho LC, Conner IP, Do CW, Kim SG, Wu EX, Wollstein G, Schuman JS, & Chan KC “In vivo assessment of aqueous humor dynamics upon chronic ocular hypertension and hypotensive drug treatment using gadolinium-enhanced MRI”, Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 55(6):3747-57, 2014. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-14263
  • Jin T, Mehrens H, Hendrich KS & Kim S-G “Mapping brain glucose uptake with chemical exchange-sensitive spin-lock magnetic resonance imaging”, Journal of Cerebral Blood and Metabolism, 34(8):1402-10, 2014 doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2014.97. File
  • Zong XP, Wang P, Kim S-G & Jin T “Sensitivity and Source of Amine Proton Exchange and Amide Proton Transfer MRI in Cerebral Ischemia”, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 71: 118-132, 2014. doi: 10.1002/mrm.24639. pdf file MATLAB code for metabolite spectrum simulation with density matrix formalism and in-vivo spectrum quantification with LCModel
  • Kim T, Shin WY & Kim S-G “Fast Magnetization Transfer and Apparent T1 Imaging using a Short Saturation Pulse with and without Inversion Preparation”, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 71: 1264-1271, 2014.
  • Vazquez AV, Fukuda M, Crowley JC & Kim S-G “Neural and hemodynamic responses elicited by forelimb and photo-stimulation in Channelrhodopsin-2 mice: Insights into the hemodynamic point-spread function”, Cerebral Cortex, 24 (11): 2908-2919, 2014 file
  • Kim T, Jennings JR & Kim S-G “Regional Cerebral Blood Flow and Arterial Blood Volume and their Reactivity to Hypercapnia in Hypertensive and Normotensive Rats”, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 34: 408–414, 2014.
  • Poplawsky AP & Kim S-G “Layer-Dependent BOLD and CBV-weighted fMRI Responses in the Rat Olfactory Bulb”, NeuroImage, 91: 237-251, 2014.
  • Zong XP, Lee JY, Poplawsky AP, Kim S-G & Ye JC “Compressed Sensing fMRI using Gradient-recalled Echo and EPI Sequences”, NeuroImage, 92: 312–321, 2014.


  • Jin T, Wang P, Zong XP & Kim S-G “MR imaging of the Amide-Proton Transfer effect and the pH-insensitive Nuclear Overhauser Effect at 9.4 T”, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 69: 760-770, 2013. pdf file
  • Kim S-G, Harel N, Jin T, Kim T, Lee P & Zhao F “Cerebral Blood Volume MRI with Intravascular Superparamagentic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles”, NMR In Biomedicine, 26: 949–962, 2013. doi:10.1002/nbm.2885. pdf file
  • Moon CH, Fukuda M & Kim S-G “Spatiotemporal characteristics and vascular sources of neural-specific and -nonspecific fMRI signals at submillimeter columnar resolution”, NeuroImage, 64: 91–103, 2013 pdf file
  • Fukuda M, Vazquez AV, Zong XP & Kim S-G “Effects of the α2-adrenergic receptor agonist dexmedetomidine on neural, vascular and BOLD fMRI responses in the somatosensory cortex”, Eur J Neurosci, 37: 80-95, 2013 doi:10.1111/ejn.12024 pdf file
  • Jin T & Kim S-G “Characterization of non-hemodynamic functional signal measured by spin-lock fMRI”, NeuroImage, 78: 385–395, 2013. pdf file
  • Devor A, et al. “The Challenge of Connecting the Dots in the B.R.A.I.N”, Neuron, 80: 270-274, 2013.


  • Meng Y, Wang P & Kim S-G, “Simultaneous measurement of cerebral blood flow and transit time with Turbo dynamic arterial spin labeling (Turbo-DASL): Application to functional studies”, Magn. Reson. Med., 68:762–771, 2012, DOI: 10.1002/mrm.23294 pdf file
  • Jin T, Wang P, Zong X & Kim S-G, “Magnetic resonance imaging of the Amine-Proton EXchange (APEX) dependent contrast”, NeuroImage, Jan 16;59(2):1218-27, 2012, doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.08.014 pdf file
  • Kim S-G, “Perfusion MR Imaging: Evolution from Initial Developments to Functional Studies”, NeuroImage, 62: 672-675, 2012. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.01.015 pdf file
  • Vazquez A, Fukuda M & Kim S-G, “Evolution of the dynamic changes in functional cerebral oxidative metabolism from tissue mitochondria to blood oxygen”, J of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Apr;32(4):745-58, 2012. doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2011.198 pdf file
  • Zong XP, Kim T & Kim S-G, “Contributions of dynamic venous blood volume versus oxygenation level changes to BOLD fMRI”, Neuroimage, May 1;60(4):2238-46, 2012. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.02.052 pdf file
  • Kim S-G & Ogawa S “Biophysical and Physiological Origins of Blood Oxygenation Level-Dependent fMRI Signals”, J of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 32: 1188-1206, 2012. doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2012.23. pdf file
  • Kozai TDY, Vazquez AL, Weaver CL, Kim S-G & Cui XT “In vivo two photon microscopy reveals immediate microglial reaction to implantation of microelectrode through extension of processes”, Journal of Neural Engineering, 6: 066001, 2012 doi:10.1088/1741-2560/9/6/066001.
  • Jin T & Kim S-G “Quantitative chemical exchange sensitive MRI using irradiation with toggling inversion preparation”, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 68: 1056-1064, 2012 pdf file


  • Kim T & Kim S-G, “Temporal dynamics and spatial specificity of arterial and venous blood volume changes during visual stimulation: implication for BOLD quantification”, J of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 31(5):1211-22, 2011 pdf file
  • Jin T, Autio J, Obata T & Kim S-G, “Spin-locking versus chemical exchange saturation transfer MRI for investigating chemical exchange process between water and labile metabolite protons”, Magn Reson Med, 65(5):1448-60, 2011 pdf file
  • Yen C, Fukuda M & Kim S-G, “BOLD responses to different temporal frequency stimuli in the lateral geniculate nucleus and visual cortex: Insights into the neural basis of fMRI”, NeuroImage, 58(1):82-90, 2011 pdf file
  • Park SH, Kim T, Wang P & Kim S-G, “Sensitivity and specificity of high-resolution balanced steady-state free precession fMRI at high field of 9.4T”, NeuroImage, 58(1):168-76, 2011 pdf file
  • Tanaka S, Moon CH, Fukuda M & Kim S-G, “Three-dimensional visual feature representation in the primary visual cortex”, Neural Networks, 24: 1022-1035, 2011.
  • Kim T & Kim S-G, “Quantitative MRI of Cerebral Arterial Blood Volume”, Open NeuroImaging Journal, 5: 136-145, 2011. pdf file


  • Kim T & Kim S-G, “Cortical layer-dependent arterial blood volume changes: Improved spatial specificity relative to BOLD fMRI”, NeuroImage, 49:1340-49, 2010 pdf
  • Vazquez A, Fukuda M, Tasker ML, Masamoto K & Kim SG. Changes in Cerebral Arterial, Tissue and Venous Oxygenation with Evoked Neural Stimulation:  Implications for Hemoglobin-based Functional Neuroimaging”, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 30(2):428-39, 2010. pdf
  • Swisher JD, Gatenby JC, Gore JC, Wolfe BA, Moon CH, Kim S-G, and Tong F, “Multiscale pattern analysis of orientation-selective activity in the primary visual cortex”, J of Neuroscience, 30(1):325-30, 2010.
  • Jin T & Kim S-G, “Change of the cerebrospinal fluid volume during brain activation investigated by T1ρ-weighted fMRI”, NeuroImage, 51(4):1378-83, 2010 pdf
  • Vazquez A, Masamoto K, Fukuda M & Kim S-G,  “Cerebral Oxygen Delivery and Consumption During Evoked Neural Activity”, Frontiers in Neuroenergetics, Jun 18;2:11, 1-12, doi: 10.3389/fnene.2010.00011, 2010. pdf
  • Kim T, Masamoto K, Fukuda M, Vazquez A & Kim S-G,  “Frequency-dependent Neural Activity, CBF, and BOLD fMRI to Somatosensory Stimuli in Isoflurane-anesthetized Rats”, NeuroImage, 52(1):224-33, 2010. pdf


  • Masamoto K, Vazquez A, Wang P, & Kim SG.,  Brain tissue oxygen consumption and supply induced by neural activation: determined under suppressed hemodynamic response conditions in the anesthetized rat cerebral cortex”, Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 645:287-92, 2009.
  • Masamoto K, Fukuda M, Vazquez A, Kim SG., “Dose-dependent effect of isoflurane on neurovascular coupling in rat somatosensory cortex”, European Journal of Neuroscience, 30: 242-250, 2009. pdf
  • Tai C, Wang J, Jin T, Wang P, Kim S-G, Roppolo JR, & de Groat WC, “Brain switch for reflex micturition control detected by fMRI in rats”, J of Neurophysiology, 102(5):2719-30, 2009.


  • Masamoto K, Vazquez AL, Wang P & Kim S-G, "Trial-by-trial relationship between neural activity, oxygen consumption, and blood flow responses", NeuroImage, 40: 442–450, 2008   pdf file
  • Jin T & Kim S-G, "Improved cortical-layer specificity of vascular space occupancy fMRI with slab inversion relative to spin-echo BOLD at 9.4 T", NeuroImage, 40: 59–67, 2008  pdf file
  • Park S-H, Masamoto K, Hendrich K, Kanno I & Kim S-G, "Imaging brain vasculature with BOLD microscopy: MR detection limits determined by in vivo two-photon microscopy", Magn. Reson. Med., 59: 855–865, 2008   pdf file
  • Kim S-G & Fukuda M, "Lessons from fMRI about Mapping Cortical Columns",  Neuroscientist. 14(3):287-99, 2008. pdf file
  • Vazquez AL, Masamoto K, & Kim S-G, "Dynamics of oxygen delivery and consumption during evoked neural stimulation using a two-compartment model and CBF and tissue pO2 measurements", Neuroimage,Aug 1; 42(1):49-59. Epub 2008 Apr 16.  pdf file
  • Jin T & Kim S-G, "Functional changes of apparent diffusion coefficient during visual stimulation investigated by diffusion-weighted gradient-echo fMRI", NeuroImage, 41(3):801-12. 2008. pdf file
  • Jin T & Kim S-G, "Cortical layer-dependent dynamic blood oxygenation, cerebral blood flow and cerebral blood volume responses during visual stimulation", NeuroImage, Oct 15;43(1):1-9. Epub 2008 Jul 4. pdf file
  • Kim T, Hendrich K & Kim S-G, "Functional MRI with magnetization transfer effects: Determination of BOLD and arterial blood volume changes", Magn. Reson. Med., 60(6): 1518-1523, 2008. pdf file


  • Zhao F, Jin T, Wang P  & Kim S-G, "Improved spatial localization of post-stimulus BOLD undershoot relative to positive BOLD", NeuroImage, 2007 Feb 1;34(3):1084-92.  pdf file
  • Rooney WD, Johnson G, Li X, Cohen ER, Kim SG, Ugurbil K, Springer CS Jr, "Magnetic field and tissue dependencies of human brain longitudinal (1)H(2)O relaxation in vivo", Magn Reson Med. 2007 Feb;57(2):308-18.
  • Zhao F, Jin T, Wang P  Hu X & Kim S-G, "Sources of phase changes in BOLD and CBV-weighted fMRI" Magn Reson Med, 2007 Mar;57(3):520-7. pdf file
  • Masamoto K, Kim T, Fukuda M, Wang P & Kim S-G, "Relationship between Neural, Vascular and BOLD Signals in Isoflurane-anesthetized rat somatosensory cortex", Cerebral Cortex, 2007 Apr;17(4):942-50. Epub 2006 May 26  pdf file
  • Kim T, Masamoto K, Hendrich K & Kim S-G, "Arterial versus Total Blood Volume Changes during Neural Activity-induced Cerebral Blood Flow Change: Implication for BOLD fMRI", J. Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 2007, Jun;27(6):1235-47. Epub 2006 Dec 20  pdf file
  • Moon C-H, Fukuda M, Park S-H, & Kim S-G, "Neural Interpretation of Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent fMRI maps at submillimeter columnar resolution", J of Neurosci, 2007 Jun 27;27(26):6892-902 pdf file  
  • Zhao F, Jin T, Wang P  & Kim S-G, "Isoflurane anesthesia effect in functional imaging studies", NeuroImage, Oct 15;38(1):3-4. Epub 2007 Aug 1.


  • Fukuda M, Wang P, Moon C-H, Tanifuji M & Kim S-G, "Spatial specificity of the enhanced dip inherently induced by prolonged oxygen consumption in cat visual cortex: Implication for columnar-resolution functional MRI", Neuroimage, 30, 70-87 2006. PDF file
  • Nagaoka T, Zhao F, Wang P, Harel N, Kennan, RP, Ogawa S & Kim S-G, "Increases in oxygen consumption without cerebral blood volume change during visual stimulation under hypotension condition", J. Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 26, 1043-1051, 2006. PDF file
  • Zhao F, Wang P, Hendrich K, Ugurbil K & Kim S-G, "Cortical layer-dependent BOLD and CBV responses measured by spin-echo and gradient-echo fMRI: Insights into hemodynamic regulation", NeuroImage, 30, 1149-1160, 2006. PDF file, Cover of the May 1 issue and Editors-Choice Award
  • Kim T & Kim S-G, "Quantification of cerebral arterial blood volume using arterial spin labeling with intravoxel incoherent motion-sensitive gradients", Magn Reson Med, 55, 1147-1057, 2006.  PDF file
  • Jin T, Wang P, Tasker M, Zhao F & Kim S-G, "Source of nonlinearity in echo-time-dependent BOLD fMRI", Magn Reson Med, 55, 1281-1290, 2006.  PDF file
  • Vazquez AL, Cohen ER, Gulani V, Hernandez-Garcia L, Zheng Y, Lee GR, Kim SG, Grotberg JB, Noll DC, "Vascular dynamics and BOLD fMRI: CBF level effects and analysis considerations", NeuroImage, 32(4):1642-55, 2006. medline
  • Jin T, Zhao F & Kim S-G, "Sources of functional apparent diffusion coefficient changes investigated by diffusion-weighted spin-echo fMRI ", Magn Reson Med, 56: 1283-1292, 2006   pdf file
  • Fukuda M, Moon C-H, Wang P, & Kim S-G, " Mapping iso-orientation columns by contrast agent-enhanced functional magnetic resonance imaging:  reproducibility, specificity and evaluation by optical imaging of intrinsic signal", J of Neurosci, 26(46):11821–11832, 2006. pdf file


  • Zhao F, Wang P, Hendrich K & Kim S-G, "Spatial specificity of cerebral blood volume-weighted fMRI responses at columnar resolution", Neuroimage, 27:416-424, 2005. PDF file
  • Kim T & Kim S-G, "Quantification of cerebral arterial blood volume and cerebral blood flow using MRI with modulation of tissue and vessel signals (MOTIVE)", Magn Reson Med, 54:333-342, 2005. PDF file
  • Lewis SM, Jerde TA, Tzagarakis C, Goutzelidis P, Georgopoulos MA, Tsekos N, Amirikian B, Kim S-G, Ugurbil K & Georgopoulos AP, "Logarithmic transformation for high-resolution BOLD fMRI data", Experimental Brain Research, 165: 447-453, 2005.
  • Seidler RD, Purushotham A, Kim SG, Ugurbil K, Willingham D, Ashe J, "Neural correlates of encoding and expression in implicit sequence learning", Exp Brain Res, 165(1): 114-24, 2005.


  • Zhao F, Wang P & Kim S-G, "Cortical depth-dependent gradient-echo and spin-echo BOLD fMRI at 9.4T", Magn Reson Med., 51: 518-524, 2004. PDF file
  • Kim, D.S., Ronen, I, Olman, C., Kim, S.-G., Ugurbil, K, and Toth, L., "Spatial relationship between neuronal activity and BOLD functional MRI", Neuroimage, 24(1):876-885, 2004. PDF file
  • Cohen ER, Rostrup E, Sidaros K, Lund TE, Paulson OB, Ugurbil K, Kim SG, "Hypercapnic normalization of BOLD fMRI: comparison across field strengths and pulse sequences", Neuroimage, 23(2):613-24, 2004, Medline PDF file


  • S.-G. Kim and K. Ugurbil, "High Resolution Functional MRI of the Animal Brain", Methods, 30: 28-41, 2003. PDF file
  • A. Stancak Jr, E.R. Cohen, R.D. Seidler, T.Q. Duong, S.-G. Kim, "The size of corpus callosum correlates with functional activation of medial motor areas in bimanual and unimanual movements", Cerebral Cortex, 13(5): 475-85, 2003. PDF file
  • E. Yacoub, T.Q. Duong, P.F. Van De Moortele, M. Lindquist, G. Adriany, S.-G. Kim, K. Ugurbil, X. Hu, "Spin echo fMRI in humans using high spatial resolutions and high magnetic fields", Magn. Reson. Med, 49(4): 655-64, 2003. PDF file
  • T.Q. Duong, E. Yacoub,G. Adriany, X. Hu, K. Ugurbil, and S.-G. Kim, "Microvascular BOLD Contribution at 4 and 7 Tesla in the Human Brain: Gradient-Echo and Spin-Echo fMRI with Suppression of Blood Effects" Magn. Reson. Med, 49(6):1019-27, 2003. PDF file
  • A.C. Silva and S.-G. Kim, "Perfusion-based fMRI", Concepts in NMR, 16A: 16-27, 2003. PDF file
  • S.-G. Kim, "Progress in understanding functional imaging signals", Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 100: 3550-3552, 2003. PDF file
  • Lewis, S.M., Tzagarakis, C., Georgopolulos, M.A., Tsekos, N., Amirikian B., Kim, S.G., Ugurbil, K., Georgopoulos, A.P. "Cerebellar activation during copying geometrical shapes", J. Neurophysiol., 90(6):3874-87, 2003.


  • S.-P. Lee, A.C. Silva, and S.-G. Kim, "Comparison of Diffusion-weighted High Resolution CBF and Spin-echo BOLD fMRI at 9.4T", Magn. Reson. Med.,47: 736-741, 2002. PDF file; the first demonstration of laminar-specific activity of BOLD-based fMRI
  • T.Q. Duong, S.-C. Ngan, K. Ugurbil, & S.-G. Kim, "Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Retina", Invest. Ophthamology & Visual Sci., 43: 1176-1181, 2002. PDF file
  • R.D. Seidler, A. Purushotham, S.-G. Kim, K. Ugurbil, D. Willingham, J. Ashe, "Cerebellum Activation Associated with Performance Change but not Motor Learning", Science, 296: 2043-2046, 2002.
  • N. Harel, S.-P. Lee, T. Nagaoka, D.-S. Kim and S.-G. Kim, "Origin of Negative BOLD fMRI Signals", J. Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 22: 908-917, 2002. PDF file
  • E.R. Cohen, K. Ugurbil, S.-G. Kim, "Effect of basal conditions on the magnitude and dynamics of the BOLD fMRI response", J. Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 22: 1042-1053, 2002. PDF file
  • T.Q. Duong, E. Yacoub, G. Adriany, X. Hu, K. Ugurbil, J.T. Vaughan, H. Merkle, S-G. Kim, "High-Resolution, Spin-echo BOLD and CBF fMRI at 4 and 7 T", Magn. Reson. Med, 48: 589-593, 2002. PDF file
  • S.-G. Kim and S. Ogawa, "Insights into new techniques for high resolution functional MRI", Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 12: 607-615, 2002. PDF file
  • S.-G. Kim and T.Q. Duong, "Mapping Cortical Columnar Structures using fMRI", Physiology and Behavior, 77: 641-644, 2002. PDF file


  • A.P. Georgopoulos, K. Whang, M.-A. Georgopoulos, G.A. Tagaris, B. Amirikian, W. Richter, S.-G. Kim, K. Ugurbil, "Functional magnetic resonance imaging of visual object construction and shape discrimination: Relations among tasks, hemispheric lateralization and gender, J. Cogn. Neurosci., 13:72-89, 2001.
  • T.Q. Duong, C. Iadecola, S.-G. Kim, "Effect of hyperoxia, hypercapnia and hypoxia on cerebral interstitial oxygen tension and cerebral blood flow ", Magn. Reson. Med., 45: 61-70, 2001. Medline, PDF file
  • S.-P. Lee, T.Q. Duong, G. Yang, C. Iadecola, S.-G. Kim, "Relative Changes of Cerebral Arterial and Venous Blood Volumes during Increased Cerebral Blood Flow: Implications for BOLD fMRI", Magn. Reson. Med., 45: 791-800, 2001. PDF file: the first measurement of relationship between arterial and venous blood volume changes and blood flow changes.
  • E.L. Barbier, A.C. Silva, S.-G. Kim, A.P. Koretsky, "Perfusion imaging using dynamic arterial spin labeling (DASL)", Magn. Reson. Med., 45: 1021-1029, 2001. PDF file
  • H. Ito, K. Takahashi, J. Hatazawa, S.-G. Kim, I. Kanno, "Changes in Human Regional Cerebral Blood Flow and Cerebral Blood Volume during Visual Stimulation Measured by Positron Emission Tomography", J. Cereb. Blood Flow & Metab., 21: 608-612, 2001. PDF file
  • P. Dassonville, S.M. Lewis, X.-H. Zhu, K. Ugurbil, S.-G. Kim, J. Ashe, "The effect of stimulus-response compatibility on cortical motor activation", Neuroimage, 13(1):1-14, 2001.
  • I. Ronen and S.-G. Kim, "Measurement of Intravascular Sodium during increased CBF using 23Na NMR with a shift agent", NMR in Biomedicine, 14: 448-452, 2001. PDF file
  • T.Q. Duong, D.-S. Kim, K. Ugurbil and S.-G. Kim, "Localized Cerebral Blood Flow Response at Submillimeter Columnar Resolution", Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 98: 10904-10909, 2001. PDF file; the first demonstration of columnar-specific CBF response induced by neural activity
  • I.-Y. Choi, S.-P. Lee, S.-G. Kim, and R. Gruetter, "In vivo Measurements of Brain Glucose Transport using Reversible Michaelis-Menten Model and Simultaneous Measurements of Cerebral blood flow changes during hypoglycemia", J. Cereb. Blood Flow & Metab., 21: 653-663, 2001.



  • S.-G. Kim, E. Rostrup, H.B.W. Larsson, S. Ogawa, and O.B. Paulson, "Determination of Relative CMRO2 from CBF and BOLD changes: Significant oxygen consumption rate during visual stimulation", Magn. Reson. Med., 41: 1152-1161, 1999. PDF file
  • A.C. Silva, S.-P. Lee, G. Yang, C. Iadecola, and S.-G. Kim, "Simultaneous BOLD and CBF functional MRI during forepaw stimulation in rat", J. Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 19: 871-879, 1999. Medline, PDF
  • C. Tegeler, S.C. Strother, J.R. Anderson, and S.-G. Kim, "Reproducibility of BOLD based functional MRI obtained at 4 T", Human Brain Mapping, 7: 267-283, 1999. Medline (PDF file)
  • R.S. Menon and S.-G. Kim, "Spatial and temporal limits in cognitive neuroimaging with fMRI", Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 3: 207-216, 1999. Medline(PDF file)
  • M.R. Zaini, S.C. Strother, J.R. Anderson, J.S. Liow, U. Kjems, C. Tegeler, and S.-G. Kim, "Comparison of matched BOLD and FAIR 4.0T-fMRI with [15O]water PET brain Volumes", Medical Physics, 26: 1559-1567, 1999. Medline, PDF
  • A.C. Silva, S.-G. Kim, "A pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling technique for measuring CBF dynamics with high temporal resolution", Magn. Reson. Med., 42: 425-429, 1999. Medline (PDF file)
  • S.-P. Lee, A.C. Silva, K. Ugurbil, and S.-G. Kim, "Diffusion-weighted Spin-echo fMRI at 9.4T: Microvascular/tissue Contribution to BOLD Signal Changes", Magn. Reson. Med., 42: 919-928, 1999. Medline (PDF file); the first high-field spin-echo experiments
  • K. Ugurbil, X. Hu, W. Chen, X.-H. Zhu, S.-G. Kim, and A.P. Georgopoulos, "Functional mapping in the human brain using high magnetic fields", Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London B, 354: 1195-1213, 1999. Medline (PDF file)


  • N.V. Tsekos, F. Zhang, H. Merkle, M. Nagayama, C. Iadecola, and S.-G. Kim, ``Quantitative Measurements of Cerebral Blood Flow in Rats using the FAIR Technique: Correlation with Previous Iodoantipyrine Autoradiographic Studies'', Magn. Reson. Med., 39: 564-573, 1998. Medline, PDF
  • S. Ogawa, R.S. Menon, S.-G. Kim, and K. Ugurbil, "On the characteristics of functional MRI of the brain", Annual Review of Biophysics and Biomolecular Biology, 27: 447-74, 1998. (PDF file) Medline
  • P. Dassonville, S.M. Lewis, X.-H. Zhu, K. Ugurbil, S.-G. Kim, and J. Ashe, "Effects of stimulus predictability on cortical motor activation", Neuroscience Research, 32(1):65-74, 1998.
  • X.-H. Zhu, S.-G. Kim, P. Andersen, S. Ogawa, K. Ugurbil, and W. Chen, "Simultaneous Oxygenation and Perfusion Imaging Study of Functional Activity in Primary Visual Cortex at Different Visual Stimulation Frequency: Quantitative Correlation between BOLD and CBF Changes", Magn. Reson. Med., 40: 703-711, 1998. Medline
  • G.A. Tagaris, W. Richter, S.-G. Kim, G. Pellizzer, P. Andersen, K. Ugurbil, and A.P. Georgopoulos, "Functional magnetic resonance imaging of mental rotation and memory scanning: a multidimensional analysis of brain activation patterns", Brain Research Reviews, 26: 106-112, 1998.


  • Kim, S.-G., Richter, W. and Ugurbil, K., ``Limitations of Temporal Resolution in Functional MRI'', Magn. Reson. Med., 37: 631-636, 1997. Medline. PDF, the first true single-trial fMRI
  • Kim, S.-G. and Tsekos, N., ``Perfusion Imaging by a Flow-sensitive Alternating Inversion Recovery (FAIR) Technique: Application to Functional Brain Imaging'', Magn. Reson. Med., 37: 425-435, 1997. Medline, PDF
  • Tagaris, G.A., Kim, S.-G., Strupp, J.P., Andersen. P., Ugurbil, K. and Georgopoulos, A.P., ``Mental Rotation studied by Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging at High Field (4 Tesla): Performance and Cortical Activation'', J. Cognitive Neuroscience, 9: 419-432, 1997.
  • Kim, S.-G. and Ugurbil, K., ``Comparison of Blood Oxygenation and Cerebral Blood Flow Effects in fMRI: Estimation of Relative Oxygen Consumption Change'', Magn. Reson. Med., 38: 59-65, 1997. Medline, PDF; the first oxygen consumption paper
  • Richter, W., Andersen, P.M., Georgopoulos, A.P. and Kim, S.-G. ``Sequential activity in human motor areas during a delayed cued finger movement task studied by time-resolved fMRI", NeuroReport, 8: 1257-1261, 1997. Medline. PDF; the first single-trial time-resolved fMRI application to motor
  • Kim, S.-G. and Ugurbil, K., ``Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Human Brain'', J. Neuroscience Methods, 74: 229-243, 1997. Medline, PDF
  • Tagaris, G.A., Richter, W., Kim, S.-G. and Georgopoulos, A.P., ``Box-Jenkins intervention analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging data", Neuroscience Research, 27: 289-294, 1997.
  • Kim, S.-G., Tsekos, N. and Ashe, J. ``Multi-slice Perfusion-based Functional MRI using the FAIR Technique: Comparison of CBF and BOLD effects", NMR in Biomedicine, 10: 191-196, 1997. (PDF file) Medline
  • W. Richter, K. Ugurbil, A. Georgopoulos, and S.-G. Kim, ``Time-Resolved fMRI of Mental Rotation'', NeuroReport, 8: 3697-3702, 1997. Medline. PDF
  • P. Dassonville, X.-H. Zhu, K. Ugurbil, S.-G. Kim and J. Ashe, "Functional activation in motor cortex reflects the direction and the degree of handedness", Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA., 94: 14015-14018, 1997.


  • Tagaris, G.A., Kim, S.-G., Strupp, J.P., Andersen. P., Ugurbil, K. and Georgopoulos, A.P., ``Quantitative Relations between Parietal Activation and Performance in Mental Rotation'', NeuroReport,7: 773-776, 1996. Medline
  • Kim, S.-G., Hu, X., Adriany, G., and Ugurbil, K., ``Fast Interleaved Echo-Planar Imaging with Navigator: High Resolution Anatomic and Functional Images at 4 Tesla'', Magn. Reson. Med., 35: 895-902, 1996. Medline, PDF
  • Flament, D., Ellermann, J.M., Kim, S.-G., Ugurbil, K. and Ebner, T.J., ``Temporal changes in cerebellar activation during motor errors and the learning of a visuomotor dissociation task, revealed using high-field functional magnetic resonance imaging'', Human Brain Mapping, 4: 210-226, 1996.


  • Hu, X., Erhard, P., Kim, S.-G., Menon, R., Andersen, P., Adriany, G., Strupp, J.P., Andersen, P. and Ugurbil, K. ``A Comparison of T2* weighted Sequences for Functional MRI'', Int. J. Imaging Sys. Tech., 6: 184-190, 1995.
  • Kim, S.-G., Jennings, J.E., Strupp, J.P., Andersen, P. and Ugurbil, K. ``Functional MRI of Human Motor Cortices during Overt and Imaged Finger Movements'', Int. J. Imaging Sys. Tech., 6: 271-279, 1995.
  • Kim, S.-G. ``Quantification of Relative Cerebral Blood Flow Change by Flow-sensitive Alternating Inversion Recovery (FAIR) Techniques: Application to Functional Mapping'', Magn. Reson. Med., 34: 293-301, 1995. Medline, PDF; the original FAIR perfusion paper


  • Kim, S.-G., Hendrich, K., Hu, X., Merkle, H. and Ugurbil, K. ``Potential Pitfalls of Functional MRI using Conventional Gradient-Recalled Echo Techniques'', NMR in Biomedicine, 7: 69-74, 1994. Medline, PDF
  • Ellermann, J., Flament, D., Kim, S.-G., Fu, Q.-G., Merkle, H. and Ugurbil, ``Spatial Patterns of Functional Activation of the Cerebellum investigated using High Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging'', NMR in Biomedicine, 7: 63-68, 1994. Medline; the first cerebellum study
  • Kim, S.-G., Hu, X. and Ugurbil, K. ``Accurate Determination of T1 from Inversion Recovery Images: Application to Human Brain at 4T'', Magn. Reson. Med., 31: 445-449, 1994.
  • Hu, X. and Kim, S.-G. ``Reduction of Signal Fluctuation in Functional Imaging Using Navigator Echo'', Magn. Reson. Med., 31: 495-503, 1994. Medline
  • Hendrich, K., Xu, Y., Kim, S.-G. and Ugurbil, K. ``Surface Coil Cardiac Tagging and 31P Spectroscopic Localization with B1-Insensitive Adiabatic Pulses'', Magn. Reson Med., 31: 541-545, 1994.
  • Kim, S.-G., Ugurbil, K. and Strick, P. ``Activation of a Cerebellar Output Nucleus during Cognitive Processing'', Science, 265: 949 - 951, 1994. Medline


  • Kim, S.-G., Ashe, J., Georgopoulos, A., Merkle, H., Ellermann, J.M., Menon, R.S., Ogawa, S. and Ugurbil, K. ``Functional Imaging of Human Motor Cortex at High Magnetic Field'', J. Neurophysiol., 69: 297-302, 1993. (see also Cover) Medline; the first motor control study
  • Ogawa, S., Menon, R.S., Tank, D.W., Kim, S.-G., Merkle, H., Ellermann, J.M., and Ugurbil, K., ``Functional Brain Mapping by blood oxygenation level-dependent contrast magnetic resonance imaging: A comparison of signal characteristics with a biophysical model'', Biophys. J., 64: 803-812, 1993. Medline
  • Hinke, R.M., Hu, X., Stillman, A.E., Kim, S.-G., Merkle, H., Salmi, R. and Ugurbil, K. ``Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Broca's Area During Internal Speech'', NeuroReport, 4: 675-678, 1993. Medline; the first language study
  • Kim, S.-G., Ashe, J., Hendrich, K., Ellermann, J.M., Merkle, H., Ugurbil, K. and Georgopoulos, A.P. ``Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Motor Cortex: Hemispheric Asymmetry and Handedness'' Science, 261: 615-617, 1993. Medline
  • Hu, X. and Kim, S.-G. ``A New T2* Weighting Technique for Magnetic Resonance Imaging'', Magn. Reson. Med., 30: 512-517, 1993.
  • Ugurbil, K., Garwood, M., Ellermann, J., Hendrich, K., Hinke, R., Hu, X., Kim, S.-G., Menon, R., Ogawa, S. and Salmi, R., ``Imaging at High Magnetic Fields: Initial Experiences at 4 Tesla''. Magn. Reson. Quart., 9: 259-277, 1993.


  • Kim, S.-G., Lin, L.-J. and Reid, B.R., "Determination of Backbone Structure in Nucleic Acids by Proton NMR", Biochemistry, 31: 3564-3574, 1992.
  • Wang, A.C., Kim, S.-G., Flynn, P.F., Chou, S.-H., Orban, J., and Reid, B.R., "Errors in RNA NOESY Distance Measurements in Chimeric and Hybrid Duplexes: Differences in RNA and DNA Proton Relaxation", Biochemistry, 31: 3940-3946, 1992.
  • Hwang, Y.C., Kim, S.-G., Evelhoch, J.L. and Ackerman, J.J.H., "Nonglycolytic Acidification of Murine Radiation-induced Fibrosarcoma-1 Tumor via 3-O-Methyl-D-Glucose Monitored by 1H, 2H, 13C, and 31P Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy'', Cancer Res., 52: 1259-1266, 1992.
  • Ogawa, S., Tank, D.W., Menon, R., Ellermann, J.M., Kim, S.-G., Merkle, H. and Ugurbil, K. "Intrinsic Signal Changes Accompanying Sensory Stimulation: Functional Brain Mapping with Magnetic Resonance Imaging'', Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 89: 5951-5955, 1992. Medline(PDF file)
  • Kim, S.-G. and Reid, B.R. "Automated NMR Structure Refinement via NOE Peak Volumes: Application to a Dodecamer DNA Duplex'', J. Magn. Reson., 100: 382-390, 1992.
  • Wang, A.C., Kim, S.-G., Flynn, P.F., Sletten, E. and Reid, B.R. "Considerations in the Application of Orientation-dependent Analysis of NOE Intensities to DNA Oligonucleotides'', J. Magn. Reson., 100: 358-366, 1992.
  • Kim, S.-G. and Garwood, M. "Double DEPT Using Adiabatic Pulses: Indirect Heteronuclear T1 Measurement with B1 Insensitivity'', J. Magn. Reson., 99: 660-667, 1992.
  • Menon, R.S., Ogawa, S., Kim, S.-G., Ellermann, J.M., Merkle, H., Tank, D.W. and Ugurbil, K. "Functional Brain Mapping using MRI: Signal Changes Accompanying Visual Stimulation'', Invest. Radiol., 27: S47-S53, 1992.
  • Kim, S.-G. and Reid, B.R. "Solution Structure of TnAn Duplex GCCGTTAACGGC Containing The Hpa I Restriction Site'', Biochemistry, 31: 12103-12116, 1992.

To 1991

  • Ackerman, J.J.H., Ewy, C.S., Kim, S.-G. and Shalwitz, R.A., "Deuterium Magnetic Resonance In Vivo: The Measurement of Blood Flow and Tissue Perfusion,'' Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 508:89-98, 1987. Medline
  • Kim, S.-G. and Ackerman, J.J.H., "Quantitative Determination of Tumor Blood Flow and Perfusion via Deuterium Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Mice", Cancer Res., 48:3449-3453, 1988. Medline
  • Kim, S.-G. and Ackerman, J.J.H., "Multicompartment Analysis of Blood Flow and Tissue Perfusion Employing D2O as a Freely Diffusible Tracer: A Novel Deuterium NMR Technique Demonstrated via Application with Murine Tumor", Magn. Reson. Med., 8:410-426, 1988. Medline
  • Kim, S.-G. and Ackerman, J.J.H. "Quantification of Regional Blood Flow by Monitoring of Exogenous Tracer via Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy'', Magn. Reson. Med., 14:266-282, 1990. Medline
  • Hwang, Y.C., Kim, S.-G., Evelhoch, J.L., Seyedsadr, M., and Ackerman, J.J.H., "Modulation of Murine Radiation-induced Fibrosarcoma-1 Tumor Metabolism and Blood Flow In Situ via Glucose and Mannitol Administration Monitored by 31P and 2H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy", Cancer Res., 51: 3108-3118, 1991.
  • Chuprina, V.P., Lipanov, A.A., Fedoroff, O.Y., Kim, S.-G., Kintanar, A. and Reid, B.R. "Sequence Effects on Local DNA Topology'', Proc. Natl. Acad., Sci., USA, 88: 9087-9091, 1991.

Book Chapters and Editorials

  • Kim S-G & Park SH, Chapter 34, “High-Resolution Venographic BOLD MRI of Animal Brain at 9.4 T: Implications for BOLD fMRI” in Susceptibility Weighted Imaging in MRI: Basic Concepts and Clinical Applications (Haacke EM & Reichenbach JR eds), Wiley-Blackwell, 2011 DOI: 10.1002/9780470905203.ch34
  • Kim S-G, Jin T and Fukuda M, Chapter 3, “Spatial Resolution of fMRI Techniques”, in fMRI – Basics and Clinical Applications (S Ulmer, O. Jansen eds), Springer-Verlag, 2010
  • S.-G. Kim and P.A. Bandettini, "Principles of Functional MRI" in "Functional MRI: Basic Principles and Clinical Applications", (ed., S.H. Faro and F.B. Mohamed), Springer-Verlag, pp 3-23, 2006.
  • T. Jin and S-G. Kim, "Spatial dependence of CBV-fMRI: a comparison between VASO and contrast agent methods", Proc. 28th IEEE, EMBS Ann. International Conference, NY, Aug 30-Sep 3, page 25-28, 2006
  • S.-G. Kim and S.-P. Lee, "Cortical Depth dependent CBF changes induced by neural activity", in International Congress Series "Quantification in Biomedical Imaging with PET and MRI (ed., H. Iida, N.J. Shah, T. Hayashi, H. Watabe), Elseiver, 201-210, 2004.
  • S.-G. Kim, "Progress in understanding functional imaging signals", Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 100(7):3550-3552, 2003
  • L.K. Hansen, A. Purushotham, S.-G. Kim, "Testing competing hypotheses about single trial fMRI", in Exploratory Analysis and Data Modeling in Functional Neuroimaging (eds. F.T. Sommer, A. Wichert), MIT Press (Cambridge, MA), 49-62, 2002.
  • D.-S. Kim, T.Q. Duong, K. Ugurbil, S.-G. Kim, "Functional mapping in the cat primary visual cortex using high magnetic fields." in The Cat Primary Visual Cortex (eds. B.R. Payne, A. Peters), Academic Press (San Diego), 195-220, 2002.
  • S-G. Kim, T.Q Duong, D.-S. Kim, T. Nagaoka, & N. Harel, "Spatial Specificity of CBF and BOLD Responses induced by Neural Activity", in Brain Activation and Cerebral Blood Flow Control (ed., M. Tomita), Elsevier Science, 39-48, 2002. PDF file
  • D.-S. Kim, T.Q. Duong and S.-G. Kim, "Reply to Can current fMRI techniques reveal the micro-architecture of the cortex?", Nature Neuroscience, 3: 414, 2000.
  • K. Ugurbil, S. Ogawa, S.-G. Kim, X. Hu, W. Chen & X-H. Zhu, ``Imaging brain activity using nuclear spins", Proc. of Int. School of Physics, Enrico Fermi, Magnetic Resonance and Brain Function: Approaches from Physics, (ed: B. Maraviglia); North-Holland Elsevier (Amsterdam), pp-261-310.
  • K. Ugurbil, W. Chen, X. Hu, S.-G. Kim, S. Ogawa, Z.-H. Zhu, "Functional MRI at High Fields: Practice and Utility". Encyclopedia on Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Published Online: 15 MAR 2007, DOI: 10.1002/9780470034590.emrstm0179.
  • C. Iadecola, S.-G. Kim, Editorial Comment, Stroke, 30: 2204-2205, 1999.
  • S. Ogawa, W. Chen, S.-G. Kim, T. Kato, X.-H. Zhu, R.S. Menon, and K. Ugurbil, "Recent topics in functional MRI", in Current Progress in Functional Brain Mapping: Sciences and Applications, eds.: T. Yuasa, J.W. Prichard, and S. Ogawa, pp. 9-13, Nishimura/Smith-Gordon, 1998.
  • S.-G. Kim, S.-P. Lee, B. Goodyear, and A. Silva, "Spatial Resolution of BOLD and Other Functional MRI Techniques", in Medical Radiology - Diagnostic Imaging and Radiation Oncology, Volume Functional MRI (eds. C. Moonen and P.A. Bandettinni), Springer-Verlag, pp 195-203, 1999.
  • Hu, X., Le, T.H., Kim, S.-G., and Ugurbil, K., An overview of functional magnetic resonance imaging, in Microscopy and microanalysis (ed.: M.G. Baily), p. 886-887, San Francisco Press: San Francisco, 1996.
  • Menon, R.S., Kim, S.-G., Hu, X., Ogawa, S. and Ugurbil, K. ``Functional MRI using the BOLD approach: Field Strength and Sequence Issues'', Diffusion and Perfusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging (ed. D. Le Bihan), 327-334, Raven Press, NY, 1995.
  • Ellermann, J., Garwood, M., Hendrich, K., Hinke, R., Hu, X., Kim, S.-G., Menon, R., Merkle, H., Ogawa, S. and Ugurbil, K. ``Functional Imaging of the Brain by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance'', NMR in Physiology and Biomedicine (ed. R.J. Gillies), 137-150, Academic Press, NY, 1994.
  • Ugurbil, K., Ogawa, S., Menon, R., Kim, S.-G., Hu, X., Hinke, R., Ellermann, J., Hendrich, K., Merkle, H., Andersen, P., Salmi, R., Adriany, G. and Strupp, J. ``Mapping Human Brain Activity Noninvasively by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance'', New Horizons in Neurophychology (ed. M. Sugishita), 3-22, Elsevier, NY, 1994.
  • Kim, S.-G., Salazar, M. and Reid, B.R. ``Automatic NOE Back-calculation: Application to DNA and DNA-RNA Hybrid-Chimeric Duplexes'', Bull. Magn. Reson., 15: 29-34, 1993.
  • Kim, S.-G., Hwang, Y.C. and Ackerman, J.J.H. ``Measurement of Tumor Blood Flow by Deuterium Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy'', Magnetic Resonance in Experimental and Clinical Oncology (eds. J.L. Evelhoch, W. Negendank, F.A. Valeriote, L.H. Baker), 59-94, Kluwer Acad. Pub., Boston, 1990.